(U)undværlig viden​

​Paintball Fakta

  1. Der spilles paintball i 104 lande.
  2. Der er flere der spiller paintball end der er snowboardkørere.
  3. Der er færre skader i paintball end der er i golf og bowling, - F.eks kommer ca 25% vandskiudøvre til skade, i fodbold skades 1,3% og i paintball er tallet 1 ud af 4000 udøvere (Skaderne er opgjort ved hospitalsbesøg, ved de fleste paintballsskader vi kender til er der tale om en forstuvet ankel, for stort væsketab osv).

Størrelse

Paintball er salgmæssigt og udøvermæssigt 14 gange større end f.eks windsurfing, 5 gange større end almindelig surfing og paintball er dobbelt så “stort” som BMX cykling.

Der er 11.600.000 paintballspillere, hvoraf 7.300.000 af dem spiller i USA. Der udkommer PT 16 rigtige blade om paintball (Ialt oplag 420.000 Ex), - de fleste månedligt. Gennemsnitsspilleren er 24 år gammel og 85% af spillerne er mænd, 15% er kvinder, har en husstandsindkomst på 490.000 DKK og spiller 15 gange om året.

Paintball er ligesom klatrevægsklatring vokset enormt i popularitet og disse to forholdsvis sikre x-tremsportsgrene er i dag Nr. 3 og 4.
Der er 5.500 paintball-teams i USA og en uge i Oktober 2001, var “paintball” det 6. mest søgte på internetauktionsstedet eBay (3.267 udbud).
Der er over 2000 websites om paintball og i USA er der 950 paintballbaner og 1160 paintballbutikker, - endvidere kan man købe paintballudstyr i sportsbutikker og i de 176 K-marts.

I Europa er der ca 1350 paintballbaner og alt for få butikker, der gider at sælge paintball-udstyr, - hvor avancen er langt ringere end den er på F.eks sportstøj. Paintball var ikke med i OL `04, - men paintball er nu anerkendt som B-sport, - og optages som olympisk B-disciplin i år 2008.

Ting man vil vide. (Nice to know):

Vidste du at en paintballs kemi opfører sig som frossent vand allerede ved +8 C°? - en temperatur der hurtig vil nedbryde dine paintballs, - Bl.a fordi væsken udvider sig og trækker skallen større, - en proces, der når kuglen opnår normal temperatur, vil gøre paintballkuglen; bulet og skæv.

Procaps arbejder meget langsigtet, - DVS at der hjemkøbes og forarbejdes råvarer til lange perioder, - f.eks bruges altid griseskindsgelatine (Hvor markedets øvrige producenter ofte handler fra måned til måned og skifter mellem grise-, okse-, og ko-gelatine, - hvilket er årsag til højest skiftende kvalitet). Vil man lave “billige” paintballs, kan man: Tilsætte mere vand, tilsætte mindre farvestof, undlade tørring og kvalitetskontrol, - udfaldet er sikkert som “amen” i kirken, = utilfredse spillere/kunder...

Den eneglske( Jeg gad ikke oversætte)

Paintball History - How it all started !!

1970

James Hale of Daisy Manufacturing, invented and patented what would become the first paintball gun.
This original paintball gun was manufactured and used by farmers and ranchers for marking trees and livestock.

May 1981
Paintball began in New Hampshire, U.S.A. the principal creators were
Bob Gurnsey, a sporting goods retailer
Hayes Noel, a stockbroker
Charles Gaines, a writer

June 27, 1981

The first game played:
12 players competing against each other
Using Nel-spot 007s pistols
The game was capture the flag
The winner captured all flags without firing a shot!

1982
The first outdoor playing field was opened in Rochester, N.Y., by Caleb Strong

Charles Gaines marketed paintball as the National Survival Game (NSG)

PMI (Pursuit Marketing Inc.), was founded to market and distribute paintball products


1983
The first NSG National Championship was held with a $14,000 cash purse

The first outdoor paintball fields opened in Toronto, Canada


1984
Paintball started in Australia under the name of Skirmish Games


November 1984
The first indoor playing field opened in Buffalo, N.Y., by Caleb Strong


1985
The first outdoor playing field was opened in England


1988
IPPA (International Painball Players Association) was founded as a non-profit association dedicated to the education, growth and safety of paintball


1991

Paintball begins in France, Denmark and other countries in Europe


1992-1993

NPPL (National Professional Paintball League) was founded and the NPPL Pro-Am Series started with sites around the U.S.


1996
Paintball playing fields, stores and tournaments can now be found in these and other countries:

  • U.S.A.
  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • Australia
  • England
  • Scotland
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Holland
  • Italy
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Africa
  • Russia
  • New Zealand
  • Brazil
  • Venezuela
  • Philippines
  • Germany
  • Austria
  • Ireland
  • Belgium
  • Greece
  • Israel
  • Korea
  • Thailand

Den lidt længere

Paintball is a sport in which players eliminate opponents by hitting them with pellets containing paint (referred to as a "paintball"), usually propelled from a CO2 or compressed-gas (HPA or Nitrogen) powered paintball gun (or marker).

The Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association estimates that over 5.4 million people played the game in the United States in 2007, with over 1.9 million playing at least 15 times.

Games can be played either indoors or outdoors and take various forms which are generally divided between woodsball played in natural, wooded terrain and speedball played on open, level fields with artificial or natural obstacles.

​Rules for playing paintball vary widely. The most common form involves two opposing teams seeking to capture their opponent's flag and return it to their starting position, but other objectives may include eliminating all of the other team's players, eliminating a specific player, defending or attacking a particular point or area, or capturing objects of interest hidden in the playing area. Depending on the style of paintball played, a game can last from seconds to hours.


In 1976, Hayes Noel, a stock trader, Bob Gurnsey, and Charles Gaines were walking home and chatting about Gaines' recent trip to Africa and his experiences hunting buffalo. Eager to recreate the adrenaline rush that came with the thrill of the hunt, and inspired by Richard Connell's The Most Dangerous Game, the two friends came up with the idea to create a game where they could stalk and hunt each other.

In the ensuing months, the friends talked about what sorts of qualities and characteristics made for a good hunter and survivalist. They were stumped, however, on how to devise a test of those skills. It wasn't until a year and a half later that George Butler, a friend of theirs, showed them a paintball gun in an agricultural catalog. The gun was a Nelspot 007 marker manufactured by the Nelson Paint Company.

Twelve players competed against each other with Nelspot 007s pistols in the first paintball game on June 2, 1981. They were: Bob Jones, a novelist and staff writer for Sports Illustrated and an experienced hunter; Ronnie Simpkins, a farmer from Alabama and a master rhino hunter; Jerome Gary, a New York film producer; Carl Sandquist, a New Hampshire contracting estimator; Ritchie White, the New Hampshire forester; Ken Barrett, a New York venturer and hunter; Joe Drinon, a stock-broker and former Golden Gloves boxer from New Hampshire; Bob Carlson, a trauma surgeon and hunter from Alabama; Lionel Atwill, a writer for Sports Afield, a hunter and a Vietnam veteran; Charles Gaines; Bob Gurnsey and Hayes Noel. The game was capture the flag on an 80 acre wooded cross-country ski area.

Thereafter, the friends devised basic rules for the game fashioned along the lines of capture the flag, and invited friends and a writer from Sports Illustrated to play. They called their game "Survival," and an article about the game was published in the June 1981 issue of Sports Illustrated. As national interest in the game steadily built, Bob Gurnsey formed a company, National Survival Game, and entered a contract with Nelson Paint Company to be the sole distributor of their paintball equipment. Thereafter, they licensed to franchisees in other states the right to sell their guns, paint, and goggles. As a result of their monopoly on equipment, they turned a profit in only six months.

The first games of paintball were very different from modern paintball games; they often threw the paintballs at each other, and Nelspot pistols were the only gun available. They used 12-gram CO2 cartridges, held at most 10 rounds, and had to be tilted to roll the ball into the chamber and then recocked after each shot. Dedicated paintball masks had not yet been created, so players wore shop glasses that left the rest of their faces exposed. The first paintballs were oil-based and thus not water soluble; "turpentine parties" were common after a day of play. Games often lasted for hours as players stalked each other, and since each player had only a limited number of rounds, shooting was rare.

Between 1981 and 1983, rival manufacturers such as PMI began to create competing products, and it was during those years that the sport took off. Paintball technology gradually developed as manufacturers added a front-mounted pump in order to make recocking easier, then replaced the 12-gram cartridges with larger air tanks, commonly referred to as "constant air". These basic innovations were later followed by gravity feed hoppers and 45-degree elbows to facilitate loading from the hopper.

The Nelspot pistols began to lose popularity as semi-automatic markers began to dominate the growing sport. Nelspot pistols are now considered to be a collector's item.

Later, Nelson Paint Company of MI, Inc. spun off into two separate companies: Nelson Paint Company, which is still focused on paints; and Nelson Technologies, Inc., commonly referred to as Nelson Paintballs, which still produces paintballs today. Oil-based paintballs are still available through the Nelson Paint Company and are still used for tree marking and for veterinary purposes. Nelson's oil-based paintballs have been used to mark animals on every continent of the world, including Antarctica


Paintball marker propellants

At this current time[when?] paintball markers mostly use compressed air, as it has become cheaper to buy a simple 48ci 3000psi air tank. This is also the most consistent form of paintball propellant.[clarification needed].

Paintball guns can also operate on CO2 (carbon dioxide), which is typically packaged in the four sizes of 9 oz, 16 oz, 20 oz, and 24 oz. The larger 20 oz. tanks generally provide enough propellant for 800 to 1100 shots, depending on the efficiency of the marker. CO2 propellant is considered to be of a lower quality then compressed air, but is cheaper to manufacture. CO2 tanks sometimes malfunction (most commonly fire with inconsistent pressure) when the temperature is lower than 10 degrees Celsius (50 Fahrenheit), while compressed air tanks have a much wider operating temperature range.

Compressed air tanks come in 3000 and 4500 psi variations and typically have a volume of between 45 ci and 88 ci. The 3000 psi tanks can provide enough air for 500 to 1300 shots depending on the gun, while 4500 psi tanks can give 1000 to 2000 shots. HPA utilizes a regulator to keep the pressure output constant, which results in compressed air tanks being more consistent and accurate overall, albeit pricier.


Paintball composition

Regular paintballs are made of a gelatin shell filled with food coloring and vegetable oil. The gelatin shell is designed to break upon impact, although ricochets may occur. There are many types of paintballs, including glow in the dark paintballs for use at night, scented paintballs, and formulations for winter play.

When dropped on the floor, groundwater or condensation may swell the paintball, which could cause a jam in the barrel, or rupture and foul the internal workings of the marker. Dropped ammunition is known as 'loose paint', and should not be used in a paintball marker.

Reusable paintballs

A reusable ball is a rubber substitute for a paintball, but is often used when describing Reballs and other brands of reusable paintball-sized spheres. Most reusable paintballs are the same size as normal paintballs, but weigh less and do not contain a paint filling. They do not break open to leave a paint mark on players, so the lack of filling makes them practical for indoor locations where accumulation of paint from broken paintballs would be a problem. 

This fact also makes this form of paintball questionable, since no mark of paint is left, it allows players to cheat much more easily. A Reball is more expensive than a paintball, but since they can be cleaned and reused many times, they potentially have a lower cost per use. Some paintball parks have added dedicated reball fields, and some fields have actually gone exclusive with Reballs, eliminating the use of paintballs entirely. 

The primary use of Reballs, as intended initially by the manufacturer, is as a practice aid for teams who wish to save money by using reusable ammunition. Other manufacturers have created similar products, such as the V-Ball, a Velcro (hence the name V-Ball) reusable paintball. Reballs are also used at a lower velocity because of their inability to break on whoever they hit. For example, a Regular paintball will normally be shot at approximately 300 ft/s (91 m/s), but a Reball is supposed to be used at around 250 ft/s (76 m/s). It is noteworthy that the composition of Reballs results in increased ricochets, depending on the surfaces that they hit.

The term 'reusable balls' does not refer to paintballs that have been picked up from the ground.


Vehicles

Main article: Paintball tank
Paintball tanks are a wide variety of vehicles sometimes used in woodsball events to eliminate large numbers of opponents by using protection and superior firepower. They can range from golf carts covered in plywood to real military tanks with real guns converted to fire paintballs. 

Many paintball sponsors and businesses sometimes have their own paintball tanks which they take to events. Although local paintballs parks usually don't make use of vehicles (since the cost of the vehicle and its maintenance can be prohibitive), tournaments and other 'sponsored' events will often feature several.

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